The Application of Building Information Modeling in Construction

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Building Information Modeling
Building Information Modeling

BIM technology can use several techniques to provide support, that is, construction simulation, information statistics, so that the management of the various processes is reflected in the contents of the visual, which can strengthen the management of its control. BIM technology for quality management, in addition to the product itself can reflect the quality management, but also to the process of technical quality management. BIM technology application on the one hand can make the real-time monitoring for the construction process, on the other hand, managers can be established through this technology module needed to find their own equipment and other related information for the first time, and compare products and construction sites. The technology can play a very good role in ensuring the quality of construction. Models allowed more information storage, which led to more efficient communication regarding changes. Better, faster understanding of potential changes was possible, even in the midst of on-site work. BIM creates efficiency and users will get several benefits. You will realize some of the greatest value of BIM through its potential to cut down on rework, such as re-keying information into models or making changes in the field.

Different applications of Building Information Modeling used in construction

Building Information Modeling in Structural Engineering

BIM models are 3D geometric encoded, in diverse proprietary formats with the potential to add time and cost data attached to them. That is, the core concept of BIM relies on providing object-oriented digital representations of buildings in the form of data-rich models and enabling simulation and analysis of these models for design / construction / operation purposes. BIM software incorporates the three required capabilities needed for structural engineering: geometry, material properties, and loading conditions for an analysis. These all can be derived directly from a BIM model, stored, edited, and applied by such BIM software. Importing Options helps to take data from other applications and further maximize the work with ease. It is a nice way to design Slabs, Foundation, Beams, Columns, Walls, Ramps, etc with a variety of different shapes and types matching your needs.

Building Information Modeling in Structural Engineering

Building Information Modeling in Reinforced Concrete

Reinforced concrete design and rebar detailing can now be designed and modelled in 3D. By using rebar detailing software, every structural member can be designed, documented, tracked and controlled. With the right rebar detailing solution, structural calculations can be imported from structural analysis programs allowing an efficient and precise reinforcement model to be created. Three-dimensional rebar cages can be designed, allowing rebar drawings, details, and lists to be automated for increased productivity. Automation also makes changes to the rebar detailing and updates to drawings and schedules swift and simple, unlike manual changes to 2D views and sections. With BIM models, quantity survey and estimation have become easy with information available such as Unit Costs, Order of Magnitude Estimates, Square Foot and Cubic Foot Estimates.

Building Information Modeling in Reinforced Concrete

Building Information Modeling in Precast Concrete

The digital model holds all the information that construction professionals need to design, construct and maintain that building. The information within the digital model grows with an increasing level of detail so that it reflects the building as it is built and then ultimately as it is used. Currently Prefabricators includes steel and precast concrete updates their design flow to include BIM widely on their design process to facilitate issuance of fabrication drawings, coordination as the most issue in the precast concrete production that saves time and effort doing early coordination when all project team understands the flow, connection design and how the precast elements looks like.Whether it be slabs, walls or façades with BIM models helps to understand requirements in precast construction. It enables simple and rapid planning of complex precast parts with shop drawing technology.

Building Information Modeling in Precast Concrete

Building Information Modeling in Architecture design

BIM does more than just offer architects a glimpse at the building’s physical features. It’s a shared knowledge resource where architects and collaborators can store all of their ideas and make complex calculations on the fly. Modern architects are using this workflow to design high-performance buildings that are efficient and forward-thinking. It takes less time for us to design a building. This means that you can start the construction process earlier. Moreover, the design is a database, That evolves over time and is leveraged to make more informed decisions earlier in the design process. Using BIM, one can observe the life-cycle facility management view. This display shows anticipated operational costs for the building once it’s complete. This allows architects to make wise design decisions that will lead to greater cost savings and simpler building maintenance for you in the future.

Building Information Modeling in Architecture design

Building Information Modeling in Infrastructure

BIM can enhance and improve the planning process, design, and construction of projects by offering a novel approach to design, construction, and facility management, in which a digital representation of the infrastructure process is used to facilitate the exchange and interoperability of information in digital format. BIM in infrastructure projects improves outcomes with its ability to investigate multiple scenarios, providing data-driven assurance that projects can be delivered on schedule and budget. Models are designed to cater to all disciplines within the civil engineering industry including Road, Rail, Drainage, Utilities etc. The information used in this initial stage of planning evolves in various steps. In the design part, you will obtain virtual models that are constructible, and then these models will serve as the prospective database to carry out the maintenance of the asset in a more efficient way.

Building Information Modeling in Infrastructure

Building Information Modeling in Joint connection of buildings

For modeling processes of some software, the connecting detail of structures joints defaults which means that the connecting detail is invisible. But provide convenient and humanized support for Joints Design. Besides, it also supports the Manual Input Joints Parameters and Intelligentized Generation Joints Parameters which make the Model Building Approach more convenient. After the date reading, automatic checking can calculate the subsequent installation issues of construction in advance. The detailed building of the 3D Model will ensure the subsequent duration analysis and detailed design. It is more convenient for the process of modeling by generating intelligent joint parameters.

Building Information Modeling in Joint connection of buildings

Building Information Modeling in Project life cycle assessment

The lifecycle of a building project, from design through inception and facility management, comprises multiple project management processes where data and information are defined and generated. To support processes throughout the project lifecycle, there needs to be a method of structuring and storing information that takes into account information needs at later project processes. The benefit of a structured information system based upon process information needs is explored as to how it can enhance the use of information within a BIM to support lifecycle processes. The use of Building Information Models (BIMs) conceptualizes lifecycle management principles with the use of information-rich digital models to exchange information between parties in support of the lifecycle of a project.

Building Information Modeling in Project life cycle assessment

Building Information Modeling in Work Task Information Framework

Work Task Information Framework is proposed to integrate workflow/work tasks with geometric assemblies and various information categories. The assembly classification consists of three levels: Assembly (e.g. Foundations), Sub-Assembly (e.g. Footings and Foundation), and Construction Types (e.g. Cast-in-Place Concrete Walls). The information categories for each Construction Type are the same, though the information they store may vary. Work Tasks and Means & Methods help define the items of information in each category and the structure of sub-categories. The Material Take-off, Estimate, Resources, Schedule, and Material Procurement categories organize information based upon the Work Tasks that are associated with the construction type classification.

Building Information Modeling in Work Task Information Framework

GIS and Building Information Modeling Integration

BIM when integrated also provides insight into flood-prone areas and gives designers accurate information to influence a structure’s location, orientation, and even construction materials. With BIM, you may design a physical structure at an object-level through sketching. BIM data is closely tied with GIS for designing and constructing a specific object, structure, or shape. It allows design and construction companies to collect accurate and valuable data that will lead to much more effective and efficient design and project management.

GIS and Building Information Modeling Integration

Building Information Modeling in MEP

Building Information Modeling helps MEP professionals design, detail, and document building systems more efficiently. Working in a BIM process gives project teams more insight into designs and constructability, reducing risk and improving outcomes.These solutions streamline the design, modeling, documentation, and construction of these systems and ensure they integrate seamlessly with the building it’s being placed into. 

Building Information Modeling in MEP

In totality BIM can be used for-

  • Better Collaboration and Communication
  • Model-Based Cost Estimation
  • Structural analysis
  • Structural design
  • 3D modeling construction
  • Increased Productivity and Prefabrication
  • Design structural steel
  • Steel structure detailing
  • Creation of 3D, 4D and 5D BIM services
  • Extraction of structural components
  • High-quality construction documents
  • Clash detection and risk mitigation
  • Improved Scheduling/Sequencing

Conclusion

BIM not only allows design and construction teams to work more efficiently, but it allows them to capture the data they create during the process to benefit operations and maintenance activities. BIM data can also inform planning and resourcing on the project, city or country level. This is why BIM mandates are increasing across the globe.